Mitambo yechinyakare yeChinese - Mutambo weChirimo

Mutambo weChirimo ndiwo mutambo wakanyanya kukosha kuvanhu veChinese uye ndipo panosangana nhengo dzese dzemhuri, seKisimusi kuMadokero.Vanhu vese vanogara kure nemusha vanodzokera shure, vachiva iyo nguva yakabatikana yekufambisa masisitimu inosvika hafu yemwedzi kubva kuMutambo weChirimo.Nhandare dzendege, zviteshi zvechitima uye zviteshi zvemabhazi edaro refu zvakazara nevanodzokera kumusha.

Mutambo weChirimo unowira pazuva rekutanga remwedzi wekutanga, kazhinji mwedzi mumwe gare gare kupfuura karenda yaGregory.Yakatangira mudzinza reShang (c. 1600 BC-c. 1100 BC) kubva pakupira kwevanhu kuvamwari nemadzitateguru pakupera kwegore rekare uye kutanga kweritsva.

Kutaura zvazviri, Mutambo weChirimo unotanga gore rega rega mumazuva ekutanga emwedzi wechigumi nembiri uye uchagara kusvika pakati pemwedzi wekutanga wegore rinotevera.Pakati pavo, mazuva anonyanya kukosha ndeye Mutambo weChirimo Evha uye mazuva matatu ekutanga.Hurumende yeChina yave kuti vanhu vave nemazuva manomwe ekuzorora kweChinese Lunar New Year.

Tsika zhinji dzinoperekedza Mutambo weChirimo.Vamwe vachiri kuteverwa nanhasi, asi vamwe vakapera simba.

Tsika

Pazuva rechisere remwedzi wechigumi nembiri, mhuri dzakawanda dzinogadzira porridge, rudzi runonaka rweporiji yakagadzirwa nemupunga unokora, mapfunde, mhodzi dzemisodzi yaJobho, mabheri ejujube, mhodzi dzelotus, bhinzi, longan uye gingko.

Zuva rechi23 remwedzi wechigumi nembiri rinonzi Preliminary Eve.Panguva iyi, vanhu vanopa zvibayiro kuna mwari womukicheni.Zvisinei, iye zvino mhuri dzakawanda dzinogadzira zvokudya zvinonaka kuti dzifare.

Mushure meEvha yekutanga, vanhu vanotanga kugadzirira Gore Idzva riri kuuya.Izvi zvinonzi "Kuona Gore Idzva mukati".

Kuchenesa Imba

Kuchenesa dzimba paGore Idzva Kunyange itsika yekare kwazvo inodzokera kuzviuru zvemakore apfuura.Guruva rinogara richibatanidzwa ne "chekare" saka kuchenesa dzimba dzavo nekutsvaira huruva zvinoreva kuoneka kune "kare" uye kuunza "itsva".Kwasara mazuva Gore Idzva risati rasvika, mhuri dzeChinese dzinochenesa dzimba dzadzo, kutsvaira pasi, kugeza zvinhu zvezuva nezuva, kuchenesa dandemutande uye kuchera migero.Vanhu vanoita zvinhu zvose izvi vachifara netariro yegore rakanaka riri kuuya.

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Kushongedza kweimba

Imwe yezvishongedzo zvemba ndeyekuisa ma couplets pamagonhi.Ese mapaneru emasuo achanamirwa neChirimo Mutambo couplets, ichiratidza Chinese calligraphy ine mavara matema pabepa dzvuku.Zviri mukati zvinosiyana kubva kune zvishuwo zvevaridzi vedzimba remangwana rakajeka kuenda kurombo rakanaka reGore Idzva.Uyezve, mifananidzo yamwari wemikova uye pfuma ichaiswa pamasuo epamberi kuti adzinge mweya yakaipa uye agamuchire rugare uye kuwanda.Pamutambo weChirimo, zvishuwo zvakanaka zvinoratidzwa.New Year couplets anowanzo kutumirwa ari maviri maviri sezvo kunyange manhamba akabatana nerombo rakanaka uye auspiciousness muChinese tsika.

Chimiro cheChinese "fu" (kureva chikomborero kana mufaro) chinodikanwa.Hunhu hunoiswa pabepa hunogona kunamirwa zvakajairwa kana kuti hwakatsikitsira pasi, nekuti muchiChinese "fu yakadzoserwa" ihomophonic ne "fu inouya", ese achidaidzwa kuti "fudaole."Zvakare, marambi maviri makuru matsvuku anogona kusimudzwa pamativi ese emusuwo wepamberi.Mapepa matsvuku-akacheka anogona kuonekwa pagirazi rewindo uye mavara akajeka eGore Idzva ane zvinoreva zvinonzwisisika anogona kuiswa pamadziro.

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Kumirira Kurira Kwekutanga kweBell kweChinese New Year

Bhero rekutanga kurira chiratidzo cheChinese New Year.Vanhu vekuChina vanofarira kuenda kunzvimbo huru uko kune mabhero makuru anogadzikwa paManheru eGore Idzva.Sezvo Gore Idzva rinoswedera vanoverenga pasi uye vanopemberera pamwechete.Vanhu vanotenda kuti kurira kwebhero hombe kunogona kudzinga rombo rose uye kuunza rombo kwavari.

Mutambo weGore Idzva

Mutambo weChirimo inguva yekusanganazve kwemhuri.Panguva iyoyo, nhengo dzose dzemhuri dzinodya kudya kwemanheru pamwe chete.Kudya kwacho kwakanyanyisa kudarika nguva dzose.Zvokudya zvakadai sehuku, hove uye bhinzi hachigoni kuvharwa, nokuti muChinese, mataurirwo azvo, maererano "ji", "yu" uye "doufu," zvinoreva kusununguka, kuwanda uye hupfumi.Chikafu chinodyiwa paGore Idzva Kunyange mabiko anosiyana zvichienderana nematunhu.Kumaodzanyemba kweChina, itsika kudya 'niangao' (keke reGore Idzva rakagadzirwa nehupfu hwemupunga) nekuti sehomophone, niangao zvinoreva 'kumusoro uye kumusoro gore rega rega'.Kuchamhembe, kudya kwechinyakare kwemabiko i'Jiaozi' kana kuti dumplings yakaita semwedzi muchena.Mushure mekudya kwemanheru, mhuri yose ichagara pamwe chete, ichikurukura uye ichiona TV.Mumakore achangopfuura, mutambo weSpring Festival wakatepfenyura paChina Central Television Station (CCTV) yakakosha varaidzo kune maChinese kumba nekune dzimwe nyika.

Kunonoka kurara ('Shousui')

Shousui zvinoreva kunonoka kurara kana husiku hwese paZuva reGore Idzva.Mushure mekudya kukuru kwemanheru, mhuri dzinogara pamwe chete uye dzinokurukura nemufaro kumirira kusvika kweGore Idzva.

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Kuisa Firecrackers

Kuvhenekera maFirecrackers aimbove imwe yetsika dzakanyanya kukosha mumhemberero yeChirimo Mutambo.Zvisinei, pamusoro pengozi uye ruzha rusina kunaka rungaunzwa nevanobatidza moto, hurumende yakarambidza tsika iyi mumaguta makuru akawanda.Asi vanhu vemumaguta madiki nekumaruwa vachiri kupemberera mhemberero dzechivanhu idzi.Sezvo wachi ichirova 12 kiroko pakati pousiku Husiku HweGore Idzva, maguta namataundi zvinovhenekerwa nokupenya kunobva mumafirework, uye ruzha rwacho runogona kuva rusinganzwiki.Mhuri dzinogara dzakamirira nguva ino inofadza uye vana vane firecrackers mune rumwe ruoko uye chiedza mune imwe nemufaro vanovhenekera mufaro wavo muchiitiko ichi chakakosha, kunyangwe vakavhara nzeve dzavo.

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Kwaziso reGore Idzva(Bai Nian)

Pazuva rekutanga reGore Idzva kana nguva pfupi yapfuura, munhu wese anopfeka zvipfeko zvitsva uye anokwazisa hama neshamwari neuta uye Gongxi (makorokoto),tichishuvirana rombo rakanaka, mufaro mukati megore idzva.Mumisha yokuChina, vamwe vagari vomumusha vangave vaine mazana ehama dzokunyama saka vanofanira kupedza anopfuura mavhiki maviri vachishanyira hama dzavo.

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Chipo Mari

Ndiyo mari inopihwa vana kubva kuvabereki vavo nasekuru nasekuru sechipo cheGore Idzva.Mari iyi inotendwa kuti inounza rombo rakanaka, inodzinga zvikara;ndosaka zita rekuti 'lucky money'.

Vabereki navanasekuru vanotanga kuisa mari mudiki, kunyanya-yakagadzirwa mavhomvuropu matsvuku uye vanopa mavhomvuropu matsvuku kuvana vavo mushure meMutambo weGore Idzva kana kuti pavanouya kuzovashanyira paGore Idzva.Vanosarudza kuisa mari mumahamvuropu matsvuku nekuti vanhu vekuChina vanofunga kuti tsvuku irombo rakanaka.Vanoda kupa vana vavo zvese rombo rakanaka mari uye rombo rakanaka.

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Mhepo ine hupenyu haizadzi imba yega yega, asi inopinda mumigwagwa nemumigwagwa.Zviitiko zvakatevedzana zvakaita sekutamba kweshumba, dragon lantern dancing, lantern festivals and the temple fairs zvichaitwa kwemazuva.Mutambo weChirimo unobva wapera kana Mutambo weLantern wapera.sdfsd


Nguva yekutumira: Jan-21-2022