Ongororo yeazvino uye emangwana maitiro ekufambisa kwenyika pasi pedenda ra2021

Kune iyo Logistics indasitiri, zvakanyanyisa zviitiko zvave zvichiitika kweinopfuura hafu yegore.Kungava kutsvikinyidzana, kushomeka kwemidziyo isina chinhu, kutakura zvinhu, zvinosanganisira kushomeka kwenjanji, kushomeka kwengarava, uye kushomeka kwemarori, hapana kana chimwe chazvo chinoumba chikonzero chimwe chete.Dambudziko ravapo nderekuti zvinhu zvese zviri kushomeka.
Kusarira kukuru kwemakabati anorema, makambani ekufambisa epasi rese haana sarudzo kunze kwe "kusvetukira muzviteshi";mitengo yekutakura yakakwira, uye kudzvanywa kwezviteshi zvakapoteredza kwakawedzera ... Sezvo "central nervous system" yepasi rose maritime logistics network --- Yantian Port inokonzerwa ne "kuderera" kwedenda Kupararira kwakatanga kupararira, uye mabatiro azvo pakugovera kwepasi rose zvakapfuura fungidziro.
Yantian Port ine kumashure kweanopfuura mamirioni mazana maviri emabhokisi emabhokisi ekunze ekunze.Zvinoenderana nehurongwa, yakavhurika kugamuchira zviuru zvishanu pazuva, uye ikozvino kugadzirisa kugona ingori 1/7 yezvakajairwa.
Izvi ndizvo zvakaitika paYantian Port muShenzhen, China.Tichitarisa pasirese, kuseri kwezvikepe zvemidziyo munzvimbo dzakasiyana kunozongonyanya kuipa.

International transportation status (1)

Mufananidzo 1, Chiteshi cheYantian

Chiteshi cheOakland kuWest Coast kuUnited States chakagamuchira zviuru zana nemakumi mapfumbamwe nenhanhatu zveTEU zvemidziyo yakatengwa kunze kwenyika muna Kubvumbi wegore rino.Aka ndekekutanga munhoroondo yechiteshi ichi kuti makontina apinze kunze kwenyika anopfuura 100 000 mark mumwedzi mumwe chete.Iyo nyeredzi yekufambisa pachiteshi yakasvikawo 217,993TEU, gore-pa-gore kuwedzera kwe8%.Ngarava dzemaContainer kubva kuLos Angeles Port neLong Beach Port kuSouthern California ^ dzakatsauswa.CMA CGM neWan Hai vakatanga kushandisa nzira dzakananga kubva kuEast Asia kuenda kuPort of Oakland, vachiunza midziyo yakawanda inotengeswa kunze kwenyika.
Chiteshi cheLos Angeles, makiromita mazana matanhatu nemakumi matatu nemashanu kubva kure, chakanyudzwawo mugungwa remidziyo: 946,966 TEUs muna Kubvumbi, kuwedzera kwegore negore kwe37.2%.
Mumwedzi wapfuura, midziyo yeUnited States kubva kunze kwenyika kubva kuAsia yakawana kukura kwegore negore kwe31%, kusvika 1.57 miriyoni TEUs.Mumamiriro ezvinhu aya, kutsvikinyidzana kwechiteshi kwave kujaira.Maawa mashoma apfuura, Hapag-Lloyd akazivisa kuti yaizosvetuka Port yeOakland mubasa rayo rekupfuura-Pacific West Coast.Paichatangazve, zvinoenderana nekuti chiteshi chengarava chichasunungurwa sei.

International transportation status (2)

Mufananidzo 2, Ngarava dzemuContainer dzakamiswa paOakland Port
terminal kuWest Coast yeUnited States

Chirevo chekuonana kwemhuri yaHapag-Lloyd yakayambira vanopinda kunze kwenyika nevanotumira kunze kweUS kuti nekuda kwekuwanda kwezvinhu zvinotengeswa kunze kwenyika, nzvimbo dzese dzekuWest Coast dzakatsvikinyidzana, uye kusangana uku kunofungidzirwa kuenderera muzhizha rose.Sekureva kwaMaersk, avhareji yenguva yekumirira ngarava muPort of Los Angeles neLong Beach inotangira pavhiki imwe kusvika mbiri.Kune ngarava dzinosvika makumi mana dziri mumutsara pazviteshi zvikuru zviviri: nepo ngarava dziri muPort of Oakland dzinoda kumira mumutsara kwemavhiki matatu kuti dzipinde pachiteshi.
Zviteshi zvakawanda nezvikepe hazvina nzvimbo yekudzikisa midziyo, saka vanoramba zvakananga kudaidza ngarava.
Zviteshi zvemahombekombe ekumadokero eUnited States zvakatsvikinyidzana uye nguva yemutsetse yarebesa, izvo zvakanganisa zvakanyanya hurongwa hweiyo liner inodzokera kuAsia.Ngarava hadzigone kudzoka kuAsia nenguva kuzoisa zvinhu.Kuzara kwakada kuenzana nekukanzura rwendo.Kugona kunoshanda kwekutengeserana kwePacific kwakamborambidzwa zvakare nekuda kwekuvapo kwezviteshi uye kubviswa kwenzendo.Maersk anotenda kuti kubvira pakutanga kwegore rino, kugona kubva kuAsia kuenda kuUS West kwakarasikirwa ne20%: Zvinofungidzirwa kuti kubva munaJune kusvika pakupera kwaNyamavhuvhu, kugona kucharasikirwawo ne13%.
Port congestion inoreva kuti ngarava hadzina nguva uye kuvimbika kunoderedzwa.Zvinoenderana nedata kubva kuSea-Intelligence Maritime Consultancy, makumi manomwe nesere muzana engarava dzinosvika kuUS West Port dzakanonoka, neavhareji yekunonoka kwemazuva gumi.Flexport yakataura kuti panogona kunge paine kunonoka mune yega yega yekupa chinongedzo chenyika dzese dzekutengesa.Semuyenzaniso, kutakurwa kubva kuShanghai kuenda kuChicago kwakawedzera kubva pamazuva makumi matatu neshanu denda risati ratanga kusvika pamazuva makumi manomwe nematatu nhasi.
Panguva imwecheteyo, mitengo yenzvimbo yemidziyo iri kubhururuka zvakare.

International transportation status (3)

Mufananidzo 3, Shanghai Export Container Freight Index

Pane maonero ekuti, muchidimbu, hapana kushomeka kwekuyera chete huwandu hwemidziyo, ngarava, uye zvinhu zvinoda kutakurwa.Dambudziko nderekuti zvinotora nguva yakareba kutumira zvinhu kubva kuAsia, North America, neEurope.Nekudaro, zvinotora imwe nzvimbo yekugona uye inowedzera iyo yakanyanyisa degree rematambudziko akasiyana.
Kuita kuti zvinhu zvinyanye kuoma, kushomeka kwakanyanya kwesimba kunoreva kuti hapana buffer kugona kubata nezviitiko chaizvo.
Ngarava inotakura zvinhu ine ngozi yakaputika mumvura yechiteshi chengarava cheSri Lanka, uye ngarava yaiva muKaohsiung Port kuTaiwan yakarova kireni.Mumwe mushandi wepachiteshi muYantian Port muShenzhen akawana nyaya yakasimbiswa yekorona itsva.Kuramwa mabasa kwevashandi pachiteshi cheEuropean, zviitiko zvimwechete izvi zvinogara zvichimanikidza cheni, uye zvichatora nguva yakareba kuti cheni yepasi rose idzokere kune yakajairika.


Nguva yekutumira: Zvita-25-2021